3D printing for toys
3D printing is revolutionizing the world of toys, changing everything on its path. Manufacturer, seller, buyer, collector, contractor or player, this will impact them all.
What are the added values for the toy industry?
Since many toys are made of plastic, 3D printing has quickly proved to be an excellent solution to repair broken ones, replace missing toy parts, or print your own toys at home. You can just download the 3D model you need, and 3D print it with a 3D printer.
Platforms such as Thingiverse or Shapeways offer many 3D files and have sections dedicated to toys. If you do not find what you were looking for, you might need to design it, using a 3D software, or asking a 3D printing service.
Offering more flexibility for individuals
Creating 3D printed toys
Besides, with the fast growth of 3D pens, it becomes possible to create your own 3D printed toys by drawing them directly in 3D. Pretty magical! It only takes a few minutes to create a small object.
A Braille cube designed by Konstantin Datz.
Improving and customizing toys
With 3D printing, it becomes possible to modify or improve some of your favorites toys, mostly figurines. Indeed, on Shapeways you can buy (or download their 3D models) helmets, headgear and weapons for LEGO or Playmobil to enhance these figurines.
Another example of how 3D printing can improve toys: This classic Rubik’s cube is now available for blind people in a 3D printed version, using braille colors.
Bringing new business opportunities for manufacturers
Prototyping and testing toys
Toy manufacturers increasingly leverage 3D printing in their production processes. By 3D printing toys prototypes, manufacturers can control the quality of the design and compare different versions while verifying that the toy parts fit well together.
This verification enables them to identify potential issues at early stage for a relatively low cost, thus leading to substantial productivity gains.
A 3d printed toy prototype to verify that the toy parts fit together well.
A collection of Happy Meals toys proposed in Mc Donald’s restaurant.
Offering a better custumer experience
3D printing can also be used to improve the consumer experience.
McDonald’s for example, announced two years ago, considering the idea of 3D printing the Happy Meals toys directly from its restaurants. Children would only have to choose their toys, customize and print them in 3D. It is an opportunity to improve the customer experience in restaurant during the preparation of the meals.
Much ink has flowed since this interview of Mark Fabes, IT Director of McDonald’s UK, however, since then, nothing has been launched yet. Indeed, Mark Fabes said that “this was only an idea”. Still, this ‘idea’ reveals the potential that brands see in 3D printing to improve the experience of their customers.
Engaging with fans and custumers
For toymakers, 3D printing is also an opportunity to interact with their customers.
With 3D printing, they have the opportunity to involve the fans in the design process and therefore to create a much closer relationship between customers and the brand. Plus, the customer experience is enhanced by the ability to create or customize their own toys.
That’s why leading toy manufacturers such as Hasbro (Monopoly, Disney, Pokemon) will soon offer customers the possibility to customize some of their best selling items using 3D printing and the section Superfanart on Shapeways.
A collection of My Little Pony figurines which could be customized thanks to the Superfanart section on Shapeways.
A 3D modelisation of a toy with the Tinkerplay 3D software, by Autodesk.
Logistical improvements and productivity gains
On the long run, leveraging 3D printing could lead to significant gains for toy manufacturers.
Indeed, they could go from selling actual toys to selling only 3D files of toys. They would then transfer the manufacturing part to the customers; avoiding all the packaging and shipping.
Another way of making productivity gains would be allowing the customers to customize toys using 3D printing. Toy manufacturer Mattel and 3D software giant Autodesk will soon enable 3D printed customizations by their users. It will be similar to the shoes customization service NikeiD.
All of those future customer-friendly apps should allow customers to make or add specific elements from a predefined list to a generic toy.
3D printing for kids
Great educational toys
Tinkerplay is a software made for children by Autodesk. Using predesigned modules, children can draw characters in a few clicks (face, arm, colors, textures…). The 3D model can then be printed using a 3D printer.
3D pens also allow to draw and create a 3D object in seconds. They can be great as toys to foster kids creativity. Using 3D printing pen can help children develop their spatial representations and design skills.
Kid using a 3D Polyes Q1 pen.
A 3D printed toy by Crayon Creatures from child’s drawings.
3D printing services for children
This kind of service enables to be sure that 3D printing materials are compliant and are not harmful if kids put it in their mouth, for instance.
How about intellectual property?
Intellectual property for 3D printed objects
One of the major issue at stake with 3D printing is the how to protect intellectual properties of toy manufacturers, while introducing 3D printing in their business models.
Indeed, the challenges faced by many manufacturers with 3D printing – not only in the toy industry – are similar to the threats posed to the music industry when digital formats such as mp3 emerged. Piracy and illegal downloads of 3D files could jeopardize many traditional manufacturers.
We can definitely imagine that in a near future, everyone could become capable of 3D printing toys such as LEGO or Playmobil for free by using illegally downloaded 3D files of these objects.
For now, many toy manufacturers do not feel concerned because of the complexity of their parts, forcing fans to buy licensed products. But this situation could change sooner than they expected.
Actually, it already happened to the famous board-game company Games Workshop, maker of Warhammer. Many fans have already designed unofficial 3D models of Warhammer figurines and shared the 3D files on 3D printing communities, thus triggering legal actions from Games Workshop.
It is clear that, in order to take full advantage of 3D printing, new business models will emerge, designed by toy manufacturers, but also by users or contractors, seeing in 3D printing a turning point, an opportunity. Maybe one day, toys won’t be in stores anymore. Instead, we will buy the right to 3D print a toy at home or in a 3D printing service from an official and secured 3D file. Maybe. Intellectual property is one of the key point of these business models… To be continued!
3D printed Warhammer figurines with the Mojo, a 3D printer by Stratasys.
3D printed Warhammer figurines at home.
Case study: Codename Colossus
A 435 3D printed parts tank
The Singapore creator Michael Sng has designed and manufactured his dream toy: an animated tank with cannons and rifles, made out of 435 3D printed and hand painted pieces.
Inspired by an imaginary world war, this tank is a unique piece, that the creator still hesitates to put on market. “More accessible versions are not the same size and would probably not completely 3D printed or assembled by hand!“. When we see the mammoth task that this represents, we understand why!