TrySight steps up from FFF to SLS for prototyping and production
However, not all 3D printing technologies are created equal, and filament-based methods aren’t always the right fit. For their particular use case, TrySight wasn’t fully satisfied with the resulting quality of their FDM parts – both in terms of visual appearance and mechanical properties– especially considering the high failure rates.
TrySight decided to look into other 3D printing technologies, and SLS (Selective Laser Sintering) emerged as an ideal upgrade on several levels.
SLS and FFF compared
Selective Laser Sintering involves melting thermoplastic particles (from a bed of plastic powder, often Nylon) together with the help of a laser source. Fused Filament Fabrication, on the other hand, melts the plastic within a nozzle that directly deposits the material onto the build plate.
A part that TrySight made with a filament-based 3D printer. Layer lines are clearly visible and there are several flaws, namely the collapsed button (top red circle).
The same part in its full version, but printed with the MfgPro230s SLS 3D printer. Features are functional (button, case opening) and the surface is smooth.
- Appearance: SLS parts boast smooth-looking surfaces without visible layer lines, therefore appearing of higher quality than FFF parts that haven’t undergone surface finishing treatments.
- Build area optimization: Since the powder bed acts as support material, parts can be printed on top of one another or “nested” together. This results in more parts per run and ultimately enables technicians to save time on file preparation and material handling.
- Functional parts: Stemming from the previous point, “nesting” means that parts can be printed within larger parts. Complex, functional parts with gears or hinges, for example, can be printed as a whole versus requiring later assembly.
It is also important to note that powder-based technologies require some amount of post-processing, such as the mandatory powder removal step. However, in contrast to the level of detail and precision that SLS achieves, the depowdering process is a small price to pay.
For all of these reasons, TrySight decided to transition from filament to powder.
Choosing the XYZprinting MfgPro230 xS
- Build volume: 230 x 230 x 230 mm
- Build speed: Up to 20 mm/hour (geometry dependent)
- Printing materials: PA 12, TPU
Thanks to much lower failure rates and increased customer demand linked to higher-quality products, it took TrySight only three months to fully recover its initial investment, an impressive ROI for sure.