Ceramic 3D printing: overview of the ceramic 3D printer market

What is ceramic 3D printing?

Today, ceramic 3D printers are mostly expensive industrial additive manufacturing systems. These systems vary in the 3D printing technologies they use to 3D print ceramic material: extrusion, binder jetting, photopolymerization and powder sintering.

However, 3D printing is only part of a longer manufacturing process. Ceramic 3D printers generate green parts, meaning that they must go through heavy post-processing steps in order to reach their final form. One of these steps, for instance, is firing the ceramic part or prototype in a high-temperature kiln.

Kwambio's ceramic 3D printing process.

The ceramic 3D printing process.
Credit: Kwambio

Ceramic material is widely used in a number of industries. Of course, some of the first applications that come to mind are pottery or kitchenware – but ceramics are literally everywhere and in many different forms.

We’ve decided to put together a comprehensive selection of ceramic additive manufacturing solutions for industry professionals, as it is a growing and promising market.

For hobbyists or professionals who are simply looking for a desktop clay 3D printer, we also provide a short list of some that are available on the market.

14 industrial ceramic 3D printers

3D printerTechnologyBuild volume (in mm)Price* (in USD)......CountryService**
3d-figo FFD 150HFFF/FDM150 × 150 × 120$50 - $100KGermany-
3DCeram CeramakerResin300 × 300 × 110> $250KFranceYes
3D Systems ProX DMP 200 DentalPowder140 × 140 × 100> $250KUnited States-
Admatec ADMAFLEX 130Resin96 x 54 x 120$50 - $100KNetherlandsYes
AIM3D ExAM 255FFF/FDM255 × 255 × 255$50 - $100KGermany-
DDM Systems LAMPResin-> $250KUnited StatesYes
ExOne InnoventJetting160 × 65 × 65$100 - $250KGermany-
HP Jet Fusion 3D 4210Jetting406 x 305 x 406$100 - $250KUnited States-
Kwambio Ceramo OneJetting350 × 350 × 380$25KUkraine/United StatesYes
Lithoz CeraFab 7500Resin76 × 43 × 150> $250KAustriaYes
nScrypt 3Dn 450HPFFF/FDM-> $250KUnited States-
Prodways ProMaker V6000Resin120 × 500 × 150> $250KFranceYes
Voxeljet VX4000Jetting4000 × 2000 × 1000> $250KGermanyYes
XJet Carmel 1400Jetting500 × 280 × 200> $250KIsrael-
This table represents a comprehensive overview of the ceramic 3D printer market for industry professionals. Since metascores are unavailable for these additive manufacturing systems, they have simply been listed in alphabetical order.

*Price: most of the prices in this table are price ranges, as these industrial-type manufacturers generally only give this information upon quote request.

**Service: some manufacturers also provide a paid 3D printing service for those who do not need to fully own an industrial ceramic 3D printer.

Ceramic 3D printing process

There are several 3D printing technologies available to 3D print ceramic material:

  • Paste extrusion: a paste extruder deposits layers of ceramic onto a build plate.
  • Powder sintering: the ceramic is in a powdered form and is sintered layer by layer.
  • Binder jetting: the 3D printer deposits layers of binding agent upon layers of powder.
  • Photopolymerization: a light source solidifies a mix of resin and ceramic powder layer after layer.

Most industrial ceramic 3D printers use either binder jetting or powder sintering technologies. Our 3D printing technologies guide explains these methods in more detail.

As mentioned earlier on, ceramic 3D printers create green parts. These green parts must go through different steps to reach their final form:

  • Firing: in some cases, this step must be repeated more than once.
  • Glazing (optional): professionals may choose to cover the object with glaze to give it a special color or finish, such as matte or glossy.

Overview of ceramic 3D printers

The 3d-figo FFD 150H is part of the ceramic 3D printers available on the market.

3d-figo FFD 150H

  • Country: Germany
  • Build volume:
  • Price: –
3d-figo’s FFD 150H is a desktop ceramic 3D printer from Germany. First, the FFD 150H 3D prints a green (raw) part. Then, the part must go through debinding and sintering processes. The FFD 150H is able to 3D print with ceramic and metallic materials.
The 3DCeram CERAMAKER is a ceramic additive manufacturing system.

3DCeram CERAMAKER

  • Country: France
  • Build volume: 300 x 300 x 110 mm
  • Price: > $250K
The CERAMAKER is able to 3D print different engineering ceramics, including: zirconia, alumina, hydroxyapatite/TCP, Si3N4, cordierite, zirconsilica, and silica. These materials are in the form of proprietary, photosensitive pastes that the ceramic 3D printer photopolymerizes layer after layer.
The 3D Systems ProX DMP 200 Dental ceramic 3D printer.

3D Systems ProX DMP 200 Dental

  • Country: United States
  • Build volume: 140 x 140 x 100 mm
  • Price: > $250K
3D Systems is one of the biggest 3D printer manufacturers in the US. Their ProX DMP 200 Dental additive manufacturing system uses Direct Metal Printing technology. It allows professionals to produce high-quality dental prosthetics with either ceramic or metal materials.
The Admatec ADMAFLEX 130 is one of the ceramic additive manufacturing systems available on the market.

Admatec ADMAFLEX 130

  • Country: Netherlands
  • Build volume: 96 x 54 x 120 mm
  • Price: $50K – $100K
This ceramic additive manufacturing system uses DLP 3D printing technology. Compatible materials include aluminum oxide, zirconium oxide, silicon oxide, a combination of aluminum and zirconium, hydroxyapatite and silica based materials for investment casting.
The AIM3D ExAM 255 is a ceramic 3D printing system.

AIM3D ExAM 255

  • Country: Germany
  • Build volume: 255 x 255 x 255 mm
  • Price: $50K – $100K
The ExAM 255 ceramic 3D printer by German manufacturer AIM3D is able to 3D print a wide variety of materials thanks to its pellet extruder. Their technology, Composite Extrusion Modeling (CEM), is cost-efficient as it is compatible with common and widely-available pellets.
DDM Systems' LAMP technology enables 3D printing ceramics.

DDM Systems LAMP

  • Country: United States
  • Build volume:
  • Price: > $250K
DDM Systems produces on-demand additive manufacturing systems that integrate their LAMP technology. LAMP, which stands for Large Area Maskless Photopolymerization, is designed to generate ceramic cores and integral cored shell molds for investment castings.
The ExOne Innovent is an industrial ceramic 3D printer.

ExOne Innovent

  • Country: Germany
  • Build volume: 160 x 65 x 65 mm
  • Price: $100K – $250K
This industrial ceramic 3D printer uses Binder Jetting technology to 3D print sand, metal, and ceramic materials. The ExOne Innovent is mainly designed for research and educational purposes.



The HP Jet Fusion 3D 4210 is a ceramic 3D printing system.

HP Jet Fusion 3D 4210

  • Country: United States
  • Build volume: 406 x 305 x 406 mm
  • Price: $100K – $250K
HP’s Jet Fusion 3D 4210 is a large volume industrial 3D printer capable of 3D printing various materials. These include PA 11, PA 12, Polypropylene as well as ceramics. The Jet Fusion 3D 4210 uses HP’s proprietary Multi Jet Fusion 3D printing technology.
The Kwambio Ceramo One is an industrial ceramic 3D printing solution.

Kwambio Ceramo One

  • Country: Ukraine
  • Build volume: 350 x 350 x 380 mm
  • Price: $25K
Kwambio is an additive manufacturing company from the Ukraine with headquarters in New York. Their online ceramic 3D printing service enables users to choose from glossy, matte, opaque or unglazed finishes. The Kwambio Ceramo One ceramic 3D printer offers high precision and speed to do so.
The Lithoz CeraFab 7500 is a professional ceramic resin 3D printer.

Lithoz CeraFab 7500

  • Country: Austria
  • Build volume: 76 x 43 x 150 mm
  • Price: > $250K
The Lithoz CeraFab 7500 is an industrial 3D printer featuring Lithography-based Ceramic Manufacturing (LCM) technology. This technology uses photosensitive resin to 3D print ceramic parts. According to Lithoz, this ceramic additive manufacturing system is plug-and-play.
The nScrypt 3Dn 450HP is an industrial ceramic 3D printer.

nScrypt 3Dn 450HP

  • Country: United States
  • Build volume:
  • Price: > $250K
This professional ceramic 3D printer uses pneumatic extrusion technology, with an extruder capable of reaching up to 400°C. It is therefore able to 3D print a large array of materials, from ULTEM to ceramics.
The Prodways ProMaker V6000 is a ceramic 3D printing solution.

Prodways ProMaker V6000

  • Country: France
  • Build volume: 120 x 500 x 150 mm
  • Price: > $250K
Prodways is a French manufacturer specialized in industrial 3D printers. Their ProMaker V6000 3D printer uses MOVINGLight technology, which is similar to SLA and DLP resin 3D printing. Compatible materials include ceramics as well as metals.
The voxeljet VX4000 is a very large volume ceramic 3D printing solution.

Voxeljet VX4000

  • Country: Germany
  • Build volume: 4000 x 2000 x 1000 mm
  • Price: > $250K
Voxeljet’s VX4000 is one of the world’s largest 3D printers. This huge ceramic additive manufacturing system uses Binder Jetting 3D printing technology, and boasts multiple build platforms to enable semi-continuous 3D printing.
The XJet Carmel 1400 is an industrial ceramic 3D printing solution.

XJet Carmel 1400

  • Country: Israel
  • Build volume: 500 x 280 x 200 mm
  • Price: > $250K
This industrial 3D printer from Israel breaks ceramic and metal material down into nanoparticles. These particles are then mixed to XJet’s proprietary liquid, which is then jetted layer by layer through thousands of nozzles.

Applications for ceramic 3D printing

In general, ceramic materials provide a number of properties:

  • high strength and dimensional stability
  • low density
  • chemical stability
  • high electrical insulating capacity
  • high resistance to abrasion and corrosion

Therefore, ceramic 3D printing suits a wide variety of applications.

These applications include engineering in industries such as aerospace, automotive, chemical, electrical, environmental, medical and more. Of course, artists can also benefit from ceramic 3D printing for pottery and sculptures. Here, we are highlighting two industries where ceramic 3D printing seems to be gaining prominence:

Ceramic art, pottery, and sculptures

For hundreds of years, we have been using clay to create beautiful and/or functional objects. Dutch designer Oliver van Herpt, for example, uses his ceramic 3D printer to create impressive vases. Ceramic material is also used in the luxury industry for watches and jewelry.

Biomedical

There are a number of applications with 3D printing ceramics when it comes to the medical industry. For instance, patients can benefit from custom implants made of calcium phosphates, a material that is very close to human bone composition. Furthermore, it’s possible to control the implant’s porosity.

This means 3D printed bone substitutes will have a low chance of rejection from a body’s immune system. 3DCeram illustrates this in their medical case study.

Mid afternoon kiln repack…these pieces heading off to @_moderntimes_

A post shared by Alterfact (@alterfactstudio) on




Professional 3D printing services

Industrial ceramic additive manufacturing systems are very expensive, and manufacturers are aware of this fact. That is why a few of them give professionals the opportunity to use their machines through ceramic 3D printing services.

This, for example, is especially useful for prototypes. Users just have to send their 3D model to the service, choose the material, and wait until they receive the final product.

In our table towards the beginning of the article, we mention which manufacturers provide this type of service in parallel to commercializing their 3D printers (see “Service” column). However, there are other professional 3D printing services who do not manufacture actual 3D printers:

  • Shapeways
  • iMaterialise
  • OsseoMatrix
  • WZR CerPrint

AIO 3D printers that 3D print ceramic material with paste extruders

AIO (all-in-one) 3D printers are 3D printers that feature various functionalities. The most common functions are laser engraving, CNC milling and paste extrusion. Since some ceramic materials like clay are in the form of a paste, AIO 3D printers with paste extruders are capable of 3D printing ceramics.

ZMorph VX multifunctional 3D printer

ZMorph’s multifunctional VX 3D printer features an array of capabilities thanks to its interchangeable tool heads. Apart from plastic 3D printing, laser engraving and laser cutting, the ZMorph VX is able to 3D print clay with its paste extruder.

Tytan 3D Gaia Multitool

This Polish 3D printer, available for around $5,000, provides a large build volume of 300 x 300 x 400 mm. In addition to ceramics, the Tytan 3D Gaia Multitool is capable of 3D printing a wide variety of materials (including chocolate).

WASP DeltaWasp 20 40 with Clay Kit 2.0

The DeltaWasp 20 40 is a desktop delta 3D printer by WASP, an Italian manufacturer. It is not particularly multifunctional to begin with, but WASP develops special clay extruders add-ons. WASP’s Clay Kit 2.0 is compatible with the DeltaWasp 20 40.

Professional desktop ceramic 3D printers

DeltaBots 3D PotterBot 7

DeltaBots manufactures a range of professional ceramic 3D printers. The 3D PotterBot 7 uses a direct extruder and a special clay container that can hold up to 2000 mL of material. This ceramic 3D printer is available at the manufacturer price of $4,850.

VormVrij LUTUM

The LUTUM by VormVrij is a large volume ceramic 3D printer from the Netherlands. It is able to 3D print different types of clay and is available starting from €6,370.

DIY ceramic 3D printing

StoneFlower ceramic extruder

StoneFlower produces clay 3D printing kits that users can adapt to their own 3D printers. The standard 3D printing kit includes a special print head and a motorized syringe pump. It can 3D print clay and porcelain with a minimum layer thickness of 0.3 mm. The StoneFlower clay 3D printing kit is available starting from €399.

DIY clay extruder

Makers or users with experience in 3D printing have the possibility to create their own clay extruder. Instructions are available on Thingiverse.

“Make Your Own Ceramic 3D Printer” Google+ community

This Google Plus community has around 3,000 users that regularly help each other create an open-source delta clay 3D printer.

More 3D printing resources